Focusing on the Obligatory Acts

Abu Abdullah Jaabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (radi Allahu anhu) said: A man asked the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), and said, “Do you think that if I prayed the prescribed prayers, fasted Ramadan, treat the lawful as lawful, treat the prohibited as prohibited, and do nothing further, will I enter Paradise?” He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Yes.”

[Sahih Muslim]

Commentary:

An-Nawawi said: The meaning of “treat the prohibited as prohibited” is to abstain from it, and the meaning of “treat the lawful as lawful” is to do it believing that it is lawful.

“A man asked the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), and said, ‘Do you think…” this means ‘Can you inform me?’

“Do you think that if I prayed the prescribed prayers…” this means the obligations, and they are the five obligatory (prayers) and Jumuah.

“Fasted Ramadan…” it is the month between Sha’baan and Shawwaal.

“Treat the lawful as lawful…” to do it believing that it is lawful.

“Treat the prohibited as prohibited…” abstaining from it believing that it is prohibited, “and do nothing further, will I enter Paradise?” He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Yes”

Zakat is not mentioned in this hadith, nor is Hajj. It can be said that this is included in his statement, “Treat the prohibited as prohibited ” since leaving off Hajj is prohibited and leaving off Zakat is prohibited.

It is also possible to say, as for Hajj, it is possible that this hadith was before its obligation. As for Zakat, it is possible that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) knew that this man was poor and not from those who pay the Zakat. Hence, he spoke to him according to his situation.

And from the Benefits of this hadith:

  1. The enthusiasm of the Companions in asking the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) questions.
  2. The importance of the prescribed prayers, and it being a reason for entering Paradise along with the remainder of what was mentioned in the hadith.
  3. The importance of fasting.
  4. The obligation of treating the lawful as lawful and the prohibited as prohibited, i.e. a person performs the lawful believing that it is lawful and abstains from the prohibited believing that it is prohibited.
  5. The question returns an answer. His statement, “Yes” means that he will enter Paradise.

And Allah Knows Best!

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