Forbidding the Evil is from Eman

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (radi Allahu anhu) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) saying: “Whoever amongst you sees an evil then let him change it with his hand. If he is not able, then let him change it with his tongue. If he is not able, then let him hate it in his heart and that is the weakest of Eman?

[Sahih Muslim]

Commentary:

From the Benefits of this hadith:

  1. The obligation of changing evil in accordance with these stages and degrees. Firstly with the hand, and this is for the ruler. lf he is notable, then he changes it with his tongue, and this is for the preachers who call to the good and explain the evil to the people.
  2. Whoever is not able to change it with his hand and tongue, he changes it with his heart.
  3. The facilitation and ease of the legislation since it arranges the obligations according to ability due to his statement, “If he is not able”
  4. Eman fluctuates. Some of it is weak, and some of it is strong. This is the methodology of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah, and there are proofs from the Qur’an and the Sunnah that it fluctuates.

One should know that the levels are three:

  • Da’wah
  • Commanding
  • Changing

So Dawah is carried out by the preacher in the Masaajid and places where the people gather, so that he can clarify the evil to them, warning them from it and clarify the truth to them, encouraging them upon it.

The one who commands the good and forbids the evil: He is the one who orders the people saying, “Do this” or he prohibits them saying, “Do not do this” The one who changes: He is the one who brings about change himself if he sees that the people are not answering his call, not obeying his commandments or his prohibitions.

And Allah Knows Best!

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