Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak good or remain silent. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his neighbour, and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his guest.”
[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]
This hadith is from the obligatory Islamic manners.
The First: Honouring the neighbour for surely the neighbour has rights. The scholars have said: ‘lf the neighbour is a Muslim and a relative, then he has three rights: (The rights of) the neighbour, Islam, and relation. If he is a non-relative Muslim, then he has two rights. If he is a non-relative disbeliever, then he has one right, the right of the neighbour
As for the guest, he is the one that resides with you while you are in your hometown and he is a passing traveller. He is alienated and in need.
As for the statement with the tongue, it is of the utmost danger to a person. Due to this, it is incumbent upon him to be careful in what he says so that he speaks good or remains silent.
And from the Benefits of this hadith:
1. Firstly: The obligation of honouring the neighbour. This is done by deflecting harm from him and striving to act good towards him. Whoever does not deflect harm from his neighbour is not a believer due to the statement of the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) “By Allah, he does not believe. By Allah, he does not believe. By Allah, he does not believe.” They said “Who O Messenger of Allah?” He said “Whoever’s neighbour is not safe from his harm” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
2. The obligation of honouring the guest due to his statement (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) “Whoever believes in Allah and the last day should honour his guest” From honouring the guest is showing good hospitality and accommodating him. It is obligatory to accommodate him for a day and a night. Anything after this is voluntary. It is not appropriate for the guest to become a burden on his host. Rather, he should stay according to his need. If he remains for more than three days, then he should seek the permission of his host so as to not burden him.
3. The consideration Islam shows for the neighbour and the guest. This is from the perfection of Islam. It incorporates upholding the rights of Allah, The Glorious, The Exalted, and the rights of the people.
4. It is correct that the negation of Eman is a negation of its perfection due to his statement, “Whoever believes in Allah and the last day”
The negation of eman is divided into two types:
- Absolute Negation: It is that a person becomes a Kaafir (disbeliever) so that his disbelief takes him outside the fold of Islam.
- Restricted Negation: This is that a person is a disbeliever by way of the characteristic he has fallen short of, but the foundation of eman remains with him. This is what Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah are upon. A person may have (both) the characteristics of eman and Kufr (disbelief) within him.
And Allah Knows Best!