O My servants!

The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said that Allah, The Most High said: “O My servants! I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants! All of you are astray except for those I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants! All of you are hungry except for those I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants! All of you are naked except for those I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants! You commit sins by night and day, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants! You will never attain harming Me, so as to harm Me, nor will you ever attain benefiting Me, so as to benefit Me. O My servants! Were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you, to be as pious as the most pious heart of any one man amongst you it would not increase My Kingdom in anything. O My servants! Were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as wicked as the wickedest heart of any one man amongst you it would not decrease My Kingdom in anything. O My servants! Were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to gather in one place and make a request of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, it would not decrease what I have any more than a needle decreases the sea when put into it. O My servants! It is only your deeds that I charge you with and then recompense you for them. So whoever finds good then let him praise Allah. Whoever finds other than that, should blame no one but himself.”

[Sahih Muslim]

Commentary:

This hadith is a Hadith Qudsi since the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) is saying that “Allah said”

From the Benefits of this hadith:

1. The narration of the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) on His Lord, and the people of knowledge have named it “Hadith Qudsi”.

2. Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, has forbidden oppression upon Himself due to His Perfection and justice, The Majestic, The Mighty. He is able to oppress, able to reduce the good deeds of the righteous, and able to attach more evil deeds to the sinner than he has committed, but due to His Perfection and justice, He forbade this upon Himself, The Majestic, The Mighty.

3. Oppression is prohibited amongst us. The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) explained that this sanctity is concerning the blood, Wealth, and honor (of the Muslims). He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) stated at Mina on the day of the Eid: “Surely, your blood, wealth, and honour is sacred just as the sancity of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this city of yours.” [Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]

4. The origin of man is misguidance and ignorance due to His statement, The Exalted (interpretation of the meaning): “And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you know nothing.” [an-Nahl 16:7 8]

5. The obligation of seeking guidance from Allah due to His statement, The Exalted, in the hadith, “So seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you.”

6. All of the servants are hungry, in need of food except for who Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, feeds. A result of this benefit is a person asking his Lord and his seeking enrichment by asking Allah and not asking the servants of Allah. Due to this, He said, “So seek food from Me and I shall feed you” meaning request food from Me and I shall feed you.

7. The servants are naked except for whom Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, has clothed and facilitated it for him. Due to this He said, “So seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you” i.e. request clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, mentioned being naked after food since food is a shielding for the internal (body) and clothing is a shielding for the external (body).

8. The son of Adam sins abundantly during the night and day. Even still, this sin is encountered by the forgiveness of Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic; for every sin. Surely Allah forgives all sins as He, The Exalted, has said: “Say, O My servants who have transgressed against themselves! Do not despair of the Mercy of Allah. Verily, Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [az-Zumar 39:53]

Consequently, a person knows his own level, so every time a person errs he seeks the forgiveness of Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic.

9. Regardless of the abundance of sin, Allah, The Exalted, will forgive them so long as a person seeks forgiveness of his Lord due to His statement, The Exalted, in this Hadith Qudsi, “And I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you”

And His statement, The Exalted, “O my servants! You will never attain harming Me, so as to harm Me, nor will you ever attain benefiting Me, so as to benefit Me.” That is because Allah, The Glorious, The Exalted, is in no need of the creation. From His names are al-Azeez (The Mighty), so He is the One that is Mighty, so that harm does not reach Him. He is also al-Ghanee (Self Sufficient) and al-Hameed (The Owner of all praise), so He is in no need of anyone to benefit Him and no one will ever be able to harm Him due to the perfection of His Self-sufficiency, The Majestic, The Mighty.

“O My servants! Were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as pious as the most pious heart of any one man amongst you, it would not increase My Kingdom in anything” This is due to the perfection of His Self-sufficiency, The Mighty, The Majestic. If all of mankind in entirety from the men and jinn were as pious as the most pious heart of any one man, it would not increase His Kingdom in anything since Allah is in no need of them.

“O My servants! Were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as wicked as the wickedest heart of any one man amongst you, it would not decrease My Kingdom in anything” This is due to the perfection of His Self-sufficiency, so the obedience of the subservient does not benefit Him, nor does the disobedience of the sinners harm him. The intent of these two sentences is the encouragement of obeying Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, and abstaining from sin.

“O My servants! Were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to gather in one place and make a request of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested it would not decrease what I have any more than a needle decreases the sea when put into it.” This is due to the perfection of His Self-Sufficiency, The Majestic, The Most High, and the expansiveness of what He possesses. Allah, The Glorious, The Exalted, possesses extensive Self-Sufficiency and Honour.

And His statement, “Anymore than a needle decreases the sea when put into it” It has already preceded; the intent is embellishment, that it does not decrease Allah in anything.

And His statement, “O My servants! It is only your deeds that I charge you with…..” to the end of hadith. From the benefits of this is the encouragement of righteous deeds until a person finds good.

10. Allah, The Glorious, The Exalted, does not oppress any person at all.

11. The sinner will eventually blame himself when he is in a time when benefit and regret will not benefit him due to His statement, “Whoever finds other than that, should blame no one but himself”

And Allah Knows Best!

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