Pardoning of mistakes
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Allah has pardoned, for me, my Ummah: (Their) mistakes, (their) forgetfulness, and what they have done under duress.”
[Ibn Maajah and al-Bayhaqee]
His statement “pardoned” meaning absolved. “Mistakes” are doing something without an intention. “Forgetfulness” is the heart being negligent of something well known. “Duress” is a person being coerced and compelled. The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) explained that Allah has pardoned these three things for this Ummah. The Qur’an has proven this. Allah, The Exalted, has said (interpretation of the meaning):
“Our Lord! Do not take us to account if we forget or make mistakes.” [al-Baqarah 2:28]
He, The Exalted, said (interpretation of the meaning): “And there is no sin on you concerning that in which you made a mistake except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend.” [al-Ahzab 33:5]
He, The Exalted, said (interpretation of the meaning): “Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with faith, but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment.” [an-Nahl 16:106]
And From the Benefits of the Hadith:
- From them is the expansiveness of the mercy of Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, and that His Mercy precedes His anger.
- If a person commits a mistake, he will not be taken to account for it. If it is impermissible then it is not considered a sin, there is no expiation, nor is the worship being carried out void. As for his leaving off an obligation, the sin is lifted from him, but it is incumbent to fulfil the obligation.
- Whoever is compelled to do something, be it statement or action, he is not taken to account due to his statement, “And what they have done under duress.” This is general, regardless if he is forced to do an action or make a statement. There is no evidence for those who distinguish between being forced to do an action or forced to make a statement, but if a person is forced to transgress the rights of a person, he is to be dealt with according to the requirements of the legislative evidences. For example, if a person is forced to kill another person, then the one who forced him and the forced are killed since compulsion does not permit killing another. It is neither possible nor permissible for a person to spare a life at the annihilation of another.
And Allah Knows Best!