Rewards that are Charity

Some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said to the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) “O Messenger of Allah, the wealthy have departed with the rewards. They pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give charity with the excess of their wealth.” He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Has Allah not made things for you to give away in charity? Every Tasbeeh is a charity, every Takbeer is a charity, every Tahmeed is a charity, every Tahleel is a charity, to enjoin a good deed is a charity, to forbid an evil deed is a charity, and in your sexual relations is a charity.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) will one of us have some reward when he fulfils his sexual desire?” He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Do you not think that if he were to do an unlawful act that he would be sinning? Likewise, if he has done it lawfully he will have a reward.”

[Sahih Muslim]

Commentary:

Tasbeeh – Saying Subhanallah

Takbeer – Saying Allahu Akbar

Tahmeed – Saying Alhumdulillah

Tahleel – Saying Laa ilaaha ill Allah

Some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) – thee poor folk – said, “O Messenger of Allah, the wealthy have departed with the rewards” meaning the wealthy have departed with the rewards in the sense that they are exclusively distinguished by it.

“They pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give charity with the excess of their wealth” They share with the poor in prayer and fasting and the excess of their wealth. So the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Has Allah not made things for you to give away in charity? Every Tasbeeh is a charity, “meaning that a person saying Subhanallah is a charity. “Every Takbeer is a charity,” meaning that when he says Allahu Akbar, this is a charity. “Every Tahmeed is a charity, “meaning that when he says Alhumdulilah, this is a charity. “Every Tahleel is a charity” meaning that when he says Laa ilaaha ill Allah, this is a charity. “To enjoin a good deed is a charity” meaning that when he commands a person to obey Allah, this is a charity. “And in your sexual relations is a charity” meaning that when a man approaches his wife, this is a charity and all of the poor are able to do this.”

They said “O Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) will one of us have some reward when he fulfils his sexual desire?” This is not due to doubt since they knew that whatever the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said is the truth; rather, they desired to re-affirm that. So they said, the above statement. Resembling this is the statement of Zakariyah (alaihi assalam) “O my Lord! How can I have a son when I am very old, and my wife is barren?” (Allah) said, “Thus Allah does what He wills.” [Aal-Imran 3:40]

They desired to re-affirm and verify that even though they believed it.

He said, “Do you not think that if he were to do an unlawful act that he would be sinning?” The answer: Yes, there is a sin on him. He said, “Likewise, if he has done it lawfully he will have a reward.” This analogy, called the reverse analogy means just as he sins for doing the unlawful, he is rewarded for doing the lawful. Therefore, He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Likewise, if he has done it lawfully he will have a reward.”

And from the Benefits of this hadith:

  1. The enthusiasm of the Companions (radi Allahu anhum) in racing to do good deeds.
  2. It is appropriate that when a person mentions something, He mentions his objective, since when the Companions said, “The wealthy have departed with the rewards” they clarified their objective and said, “They pray as we pray. . ..” to the end of the hadith.
  3. Every statement that brings nearness to Allah is a charity, such as Tasbeeh, Takbeer, Tahmeed, Tahleel, commanding the good, and forbidding the evil. The entirety of it is charity.
  4. The encouragement of increasing the remembrance of Allah since every word from it is considered a charity nearing the person to Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic.
  5. Being sufficed with the lawful over the unlawful makes the lawful nearness to Allah and a charity due to His (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) statement, “And in your sexual relations is a charity.”
  6. The permissibility of affirming information even if it comes from someone truthful due to the statement of the Companions, “Will one of us have some reward when he fulfils his sexual desire?”
  7. The fabulous teaching method of the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) by questioning until the one being spoken to is satisfied and his heart is content.

And Allah Knows Best!

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