The Brotherhood of Islam

Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) said: The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Do not have envy of one another. Do not inflate prices on one another. Do not hate one another. Do not turn your backs on one another. Do not undersell one another; but rather, be worshipers of Allah and brothers. The Muslim is the brother of his fellow Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he abandon him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him. Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times. “It is a sufficient act of evil that a person belittles his Muslim brother. Every Muslim to another Muslim is sacred, his blood, his wealth, and his honor.”

[Sahih Muslim]

Commentary:

From the Benefits of the hadith:

  1. The prohibition of Hasad (envy). This prohibition is due to its impermissibility, and Hasad has many harms. From them: It is enmity for your brother. It also obligates the heart of the envier to have grief and sorrow. So every time that the blessing is increased, the grief and sorrow is increased making his life more miserable.
  2. The prohibition of inflating prices due to the enmity that it causes, and due to it being a reason for hatred, and a reason for the things that cause hatred. So it is not permissible for people to hate their brother, nor is it permissible for them to do those things that cause hatred.
  3. The prohibition of turning backs on one another. It is to turn your back on your brother, not taking from him, nor listening to him. This is due to it being the opposite of the brotherhood that is based on eman.
  4. The prohibition of selling over the sale of a Muslim, and likewise is buying over his buy, proposing to a woman over his proposal, leasing over his lease, and other than that from his rights.
  5. The obligation of ascribing to brotherhood based upon eman due to his saying, “Be worshippers of Allah and brothers.”
  6. The clarification of how the Muslim should interact with his brother. He does not oppress him, nor does he forsake him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him, because all of this negates the brotherhood that is based upon eman.
  7. The place of Taqwa (fear of Allah) is the heart. So when the heart has fear of Allah, then the limbs have fear of Allah. One should know the statements of some when they commit a sin and then they are reprimanded and rebuked, they say, “Taqwa is here (i.e. the place of Taqwa is the heart).” This is a truthful word, but they desire with it falsehood. The response to this is that we say, if there was Taqwa there (i.e. in your heart), then your limbs would also have Taqwa.
  8. The great evil of belittling a Muslim.
  9. If the Islamic Ummah were to turn to these guidelines, it would be given bliss and fortune in this life and the Hereafter. That is because all of it is magnificent, lofty, and superior manners that causes rectification and reform, and puts a halt to corruption.

And Allah Knows Best!

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