The Life is a Cultivation for the Hereafter

Ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) said, The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) took me by my shoulder and said, “Be in this life as if you are a stranger or a wayfarer.” Ibn Umar used to say, “In the evening do not expect to live to the morning, and in the morning do not expect to live to the evening. Take from your health for your illness and from your life for your death.”

[Sahih al-Bukhari]

Commentary:

Ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) said, “The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) took me by my shoulder” meaning he grabbed his shoulders in order to grasp his attention and so that he could memorise what he was saying. So he said to him, “Be in this life as if you are a stranger or wayfarer.” The stranger is the one who is in a land and he is not from its people or he is a wayfarer. He is the one who passes through a land and he is passing by as a traveller. The likes of these, he does not take this land as a residence or an abode since he is a traveller. So this admonishment took the effect on Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) that it had on his heart.

Due to this, he would say, “In the evening do not expect to live to the morning, and in the morning do not expect to live to the evening” meaning if the evening comes do not say, “I am going to live to the morning”, How many people live through the evening and do not live to the morning? Likewise is his statement, “And in the morning do not expect to live to the evening.” How many people live through the morning and do not live to the evening? Ibn Umar’s intent in that: A person should utilise the opportunity to do righteous actions, so that he does not waste and neglect it without realising it.

He said, “Take from your health for your illness” meaning strive in your health before your illness. So long as a person is healthy it is easy for him to do actions since he is healthy, has an open chest, and a cheerful soul. The sickly has a constricted chest and his soul is not cheerful so it is not easy for him to do actions. “And from your life for your death” i.e. utilise your life so long as you are living since once a person dies, his actions are cut off. It is authentically reported on the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) that he said:

“When u person dies, all of his actions are cut off except three: A continuous charity,  knowledge that is beneficial and u righteous child that supplicates for him.” [Sahih Muslim]

And From the Benefits of the hadith:

  1. It is not appropriate that a person takes this life as a permanent place of residence.
  2. It is appropriate for the one who has intellect so long as he remains (alive) and has good health that he strives to do actions before he dies, and his actions are cut off.
  3. It is appropriate that the teacher utilises those means that will grasp the attention of the one he is speaking to since the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) grasped the shoulders of Abdullah ibn Umar.
  4. The virtue of Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) since he was affected by the admonition from the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam).

And Allah Knows Best!

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