The Result of Deeds Depend on its End

Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (radi Allahu anhu) said: The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) narrated to us – and he is truthful, the believed: “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a Nutfa (mixed drop of male and female sexual discharge), then he is an Alaq (clot of blood) for a like period, then a Mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then the angel is sent to him who blows the breath of life into him and who is commanded about four matters: to write down his means of livelihood, his life span, his actions, and whether his end is good or bad. By Allah, Whom there is no deity (worthy of worship) other than Him, one of you behaves like the people of Paradise until there is but an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, so he behaves like the people of the Hellfire until he enters it. And one of you behaves like the people of Hellfire until there is but an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, so he behaves like the people of Paradise until he enters it.”

[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary:

This is the fourth hadith of Imam an-Nawawi’s ahadith. Within it is a clarification of the stages of man from the mother’s womb, the writing of his life span, his provision, and other than that.

So ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (radi Allahu anhu) has said, ” The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) narrated to us – and he is truthful, the believed” He is truthful in his statements and believed in the revelation revealed to him. ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood has only presented this introduction because it is from the affairs of the unseen that cannot be known except by revelation, so he said: “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days…..” to the end of the hadith.

And from the Benefits of this Hadith:

1. A clarification of the stages of man in the mother’s womb, and it is four stages:

  • The first is the Nutfuh (mixed drop of male and female sexual discharge) stage for forty days.
  • The second is the blood clot stage for forty days.
  • The third is the morsel of flesh stage for forty days.
  • The fourth stage is after the blowing of the soul into it (i.e. the womb).

So the baby progresses through these (stages) in the womb of his mother.

2. Before these four months, it is not to be judged that he (i.e. the baby) is a living person. Based upon this, if the baby dies before the four months are completed, he is not washed, nor buried, nor prayed over because he was not a (living) person.

3. After four months, the soul is blown into it, and the ruling is established that he is living. If he were to die after that, then he is washed, buried, and prayed over just as if it were after a complete nine months.

4. The wombs have an angel that has been assigned to them due to his statement, “then the angel is sent to him” i.e. the angel that is assigned to the wombs.

5. The status of man is written while he is in the womb of his mother: his provision, his actions, his life span, whether his end is good or bad. From this is the clarification of the wisdom of Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, that everything with Him has a set written measure that will not precede (its time), nor will it be prolonged.

6. It is incumbent on man to be upon fear (Khaaf) and dread (Rahbah) because the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) has informed, “one of you behaves like the people of Paradise until there is but an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, so he behaves like the people of the Hellfire until he enters it.”

7. It is not appropriate for man to give up hope. A person may commit a sin for a long period of time, and then Allah blesses him with guidance so that he is guided in the latter portion of his life.

So if someone says, “What is the wisdom behind Allah forsaking the one who does the actions of the people of Paradise until there is an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him so he behaves like the people of the Hellfire?”

The answer: The wisdom behind that is the one who does the actions of the people of Paradise is only doing the actions of the people of Paradise in that which are displayed to the people; but in reality, his innermost thoughts are filthy and he has a corrupt intention. So this corrupt intention overtakes him until he has a misfortunate end, and we seek Allah’s refuge from that. Due to this, the intent by his statement, “until there is but an arm’s length between him and it” is nearness to the end of his lifespan and not his neatness to Paradise by his actions.

And Allah Knows Best!

Comments are closed.