The Rights of Allah, The Exalted
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Allah, The Exalted, prescribed religious duties, so do not neglect them. He set boundaries, so do not surpass them. He has prohibited some things, so do not violate them. He remained silent about some things as a mercy for you and not due to forgetfulness; so do not search for them.”
[Hadith Hasan related by ad-Daaraqutnee and others]
His statement (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), “Allah, The Exalted, prescribed religious duties so do not neglect them” i.e. He has obligated and imposed religious duties upon His servants that are well-known, and all praise belongs to Him, such as the five daily prayers, Zakat, fasting Ramadan, Hajj, obeying the parents and treating them well, enjoining family ties, and other than that.
“So do not neglect them” i.e. do not neglect them by abandonment, disdain, disregard, or deficiency.
“He set boundaries” i.e. He obligated religious duties and set boundaries to them by conditions and restrictions. “So do not surpass them, “i.e. do not exceed them.
“He has prohibited some things so do not violate them.” He has prohibited some things such as Shirk, disobeying the parents and treating them unfairly, killing a soul that Allah has prohibited except in due right, intoxicants, stealing, and many other things.
“So do not violate them” i.e. do not fall into it, since your falling into it is your violation of it.
“He remained silent about some things” i.e. He did not obligate it, nor did He forbid it “as a mercy for you” i.e. because of mercy and being easy upon you “and not due to forgetfulness.” Allah, The Exalted, does not forget just as Musa (alaihi assalam) said In the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): “My Lord neither errs nor does He forget.” [Taa Haa 20:52]
So He, The Majestic, The Most High, left it as a mercy to the creation and not because He forgot it.
“So do not search for them” i.e. do not investigate them.
And from the Benefits of this hadith:
1. The superb explanation of the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) since he conveyed the hadith with this clear lucid structure and allotment.
2. Allaah, The Exalted, obligated prescribed duties upon His servants with certainty and imposition.
The people of knowledge have mentioned regarding obligations, they are divided into two types:
- Fard Kifayah: A fard on the Ummah as a whole. Its ruling is if enough people carry it out then it is exempted from the rest. Eg: Adhaan, Iqamah and The Funeral Prayer.
- Fard ‘Ayn: It is obligatory upon every individual. Eg: Five Daily Prayers, Zakat, Fasting ramadan and Hajj.
3. It is not permissible for a person to transgress the boundaries of Allah. Branching from this benefit it is not permissible to exceed the bounds in the religion of Allah. Due to this, the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) reprimanded those people who – the first of them – said, “I am going to fast and not break my fast.” The second said, “I am going to pray and not sleep.” The third said, “I am not going to marry women.” He reprimanded them and said: “As for myself I pray and sleep, fast and break my fast, and I marry women, so whoever strives against my Sunnah is not from me.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
4. The prohibition of violating the prohibited acts due to his statement, “So do not violate them.” The prohibitions are of two types: Major and minor. As for the major, then they are not forgiven except by repentance. The minor sins are expiated by the prayer, Hajj, remembrance of Allah, and what is similar to that.
5. What Allah has remained silent about is pardoned. If the ruling of something gives us some problems determining whether it is obligatory or not, and we do not find any origin regarding the obligation, then it is from those things that Allah has pardoned. If we doubt whether something is forbidden or not and there is no origin regarding its prohibition, this as well is from those things that Allah has pardoned.
6. Negating forgetfulness from Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic. This proves the perfection of His Knowledge. Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, has knowledge of everything, so He does not forget. What He has knowledge of is not preceded by ignorance. Rather, He has knowledge of everything eternally.
7. It is not appropriate to investigate and question except if there is a need. This is during the era of the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) since it was the era of legislation and it was feared that someone would ask about something that was not obligatory, that becomes obligatory due to his asking, or something that was not prohibited but becomes prohibited due to his asking. Due to this, the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) prohibited searching for it and said, “So do not search for them.”
And Allah Knows Best!