The Sanctity of a Muslims Blood and reasons for spilling it

Ibn Masood (radi Allahu anhu) said, the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The blood of a Muslim may not be spilled except for one of three (cases): The one who was married and commits fornication, a life for a life, and the one who leaves his religion, separating from the Jamaa’ah”

[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary:

In this hadith, the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) explains that the blood of the Muslims is sacred. It is sacred and it is not permissible to violate it (i.e. this sanctity) except in one of three (cases):

  1. The one who was married and commits fornication,
  2. A life for a life,
  3. The one who leaves his religion, separating from the Jamaa’ah.

And from the Benefits of this hadith:

1. From them is the sanctity of the Muslim and his blood being sacred due to his statement, “The blood of a Muslim may not be spilled except for one of three (cases)”

2. It is permissible to spill the blood of a Muslim in these three (instances):

  • “The one who was married and commits fornication” he is the one who fornicates after Allah blessed him with a correct marriage having had relations with his spouse, and then commits fornication after that. This person’s blood is permissible (to be spilled). His punishment is that he be stoned until death.
  • “A life for a life” this is concerning the law of equality in punishment due to His statement, The Exalted (interpretation of the meaning): “O you who believe! The law of equality in punishment is prescribed for you in case of murder.” [al-Baqarah 2:178]  And He has stated, The Exalted (interpretation of the meaning): “And We have ordained for them therein: A life for a 1ife.” [al-Maidah 5:45]
  • “The one who leaves his religion, separating from the Jamaa’ah” This is the apostate. If he apostates after Islam, his blood is permissible (to spill) since his blood has become unsacred.
3. The obligation of stoning the adulterer, due to his saying, “The one who was married and commits fornication”
4. ‘The permissibility of the law of equality in punishment, but people have a choice, meaning it is permitted for him to enact the law of equality in punishment, pardon for the exchange of blood money, or pardon Without any fee.
5. The obligation of killing the apostate if he does not repent.

And Allah Knows Best!

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