The Sanctity of the Muslim
ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu said) the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “I have been ordered to fight the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped in truth, except Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to establish the prayer, and pay the Zakat. If they do that, then their blood and wealth are safe from me except for the right of Islam, and their reckoning is with Allah, The Exalted.”
[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]
“I have been ordered” i.e. Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, ordered him. He is the enactor since it is known that the One Who commands and prohibits is Allah, The Exalted.
“To fight the people until they testify” This hadith is general, but it is specified by His statement, The Exalted (interpretation of the meaning):
“Fight against those who do not believe in Allah, nor the Last Day, nor forbid what has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, and those who do not acknowledge the Religion of Truth among the people of the Scripture, until they pay the Jizyah (a tax levied by the Jews and Christians who live under the protection of an Islamic Government) with willing submission and feel themselves subdued.” [at-Tawbah 9:29]
Likewise, the Sunnah has come (and ordered) that the people be fought until they submit or pay the Jizyah.
And from the Benefits of this hadith:
1. The obligation of fighting the people until they enter the religion of Allah or pay the Jizyah due to this hadith and other proofs that we have mentioned.
2. It is permissible to fight whoever withholds paying the Zakat, and due to this, Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) fought those who withheld paying the Zakat.
3. When a person openly yields to Islam, his hidden circumstances are entrusted to Allah. Due to this, he said, “If they do that, then their blood and wealth is safe from me except for the right of Islam, and their reckoning is with Allah, the Exalted.”
4.The affirmation of the Reckoning, i.e. a person will be accountable for his actions. If they were good, then good (is his end), and if they were evil, then evil (is his end). Allah, The Exalted, has said (interpretation of the meaning): “So, whoever does good equal to the weight of an atom shall see it. And whoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom shall see it.” [az-Zalzalah 99:7- 8]
And Allah Knows Best!