What Enters one into Paradise

Mu’aadh ibn Jabal (radi Allahu anhu) said: “O Messenger of Allah, Tell me a deed that will admit me into Paradise and distance me from the Hell Fire.” He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “You have asked about a major affair, and it is easy for whom Allah, The Exalted, makes it easy. Worship Allah and do not commit Shirk with Him, establish the prayer, pay the Zakat, fast Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House.” He then said, “Shall I not show you the gates of goodness? Fasting is a shield; charity extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire, and the prayer of a man in the core of the night.” He then recited, “Their sides forsake their beds until what they used to do.” [as-Sajdah 32):16-17] He then said, “Shall I not inform you of the peak of the affair, its pillar, and its uppermost part?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He said, “The peak of the affair is the Islam, its pillar is the prayer, and its uppermost part is Jihaad.” He then said, “Shall I not inform you of the paramount of all of that?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He took hold of his tongue and said, “Restrain this.” I said, “O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say?” He said, “May your mother be bereaved. Is there anything that topples the people on their faces – or he said on their noses – into the Hellfire other than what their tongues reap?”

[at-Tirmidhi - Classed as Hadith Hasan Sahih]

Commentary:

From the Benefits of this hadith:

1. The zeal of the Companions (radi Allahu anhum) in doing actions that would enter them into Paradise and distance them from the Fire. This is the most important thing to them. Due to this, Mu’aadh ibn Jabal (radi Allahu anhu) asked the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) about an action that would enter him into Paradise and distance him from the Fire.

2. The affirmation of Paradise and Hell. They both exist currently, and they will never perish.

3. A clarification that the question of Mu’aadh ibn Jabal is tremendous since its reimbursement is tremendous. The reimbursement is dependent upon what will be exchanged. Due to this, the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “You have asked about a major affair” i.e. you have asked about a tremendous action that is demonstrated by what it encompasses of reward. He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) then explained that this tremendous affair is easy for whomever Allah facilitates it.

It is appropriate for a person to turn to Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, when seeking ease in his affairs. He should know that Taqwa (fear of Allah) is from the means of ascertaining the ease of Allah due to His statement, The Exalted (interpretation of the meaning): “And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him.” [at-Talaaq 65:4]

4. The foremost and most astounding affair is the Tawhed of Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic, and being sincere for His sake due to his statement, “Worship Allah and do not commit Shirk with Him.”

5. The importance of the prayer since the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) mentioned it after Ikhlas (sincerity).

6. Preceding Zakat to fasting since it is emphasised and stressed more.

7. Preceding fasting to Hajj since it is concurrent every year in contrast to Hajj that is only obligatory once in a lifetime.

8. Presenting an issue to the student by arousing fascination and eagerness due to his statement, “Shall I not show you the gates of goodness?”

9. Goodness has gates and these gates have entrance halls. It is similar to the statement of the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam): “Eman it seventy and some odd branches.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]

10. Fasting is a shield, i.e. it prevents the one fasting from vile speech, obscene behaviour, false statements and acting in accordance with them, and ignorance. It also shields the one fasting from the Fire.

11. The virtue and excellence of charity due to His statement (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) “Charity extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire.”

12. The prayer of a man in the middle of the night relinquishes sins due to the statement of the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) “Charity extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire, and the prayer of a man in the core of the night.”

13. The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) sought proof from the Qur’an since he read His statement, The Exalted (interpretation of the meaning):

“Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend out of what We have bestowed upon them. No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.” [as-Sajdah 32:16-17]

14. The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) presented issues by utilising a question in order to grasp the attention of whom he was speaking to.

15. The affair – i.e. the affair of the creation – has a peak, pillar and uppermost part. The peak is Islam, its pillar is the Prayer, meaning that the pillar of Islam is the Prayer, and its uppermost part is jihaad in the cause of Allah.

16. The person who abandons the Prayer is a Kaafir (disbeliever) due to his statement (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), “Its pillar” – i.e. the pillar of Islam – “is the prayer” and it is well known that if the pillar falls then the building falls.

This is the weightier opinion amongst the people of knowledge from the proofs of the Book of Allah, the Sunnah of His Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), and the statements of the Companions.

17. Jihaad uplifts and raises Islam due to his statement, “And its uppermost part is Jihaad.”

18. The paramount of all of this is preserving the tongue due to his statement (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) “Shall I not inform you of the paramount of all of that?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He took hold of his tongue and said, “Restrain this.”

19. The permissibility of teaching by implication since he took hold of his tongue and said, “Restrain this.”

20. The danger of the tongue to mankind due to his statement (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) “Is there anything that topples the people on their faces – or he said on their noses – into the Hellfire other than what their tongues reap?”

21. Being precautious in relaying hadith from the statements of the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) when he (Mu’aadh) said, “On their faces – or he said on their noses.” This proves the charge of honesty and reliability in relaying hadith, and all praise belongs to Allah.

And Allah Knows Best!

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