Having your Lifespan increased
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Whoever would like his Rizq (provision) to be increased and his life to be extended, should uphold the ties of kinship.”
[Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
Helping one’s parents is one of the greatest acts of kindness and goodness, and it comes under the heading of upholding ties of kinship that increases one’s lifespan and brings blessing in one’s provision as the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) stated this in the above Hadith.
With regard to the extension of one’s lifespan there is a well-known scholarly discussion, which is that lifespans and provisions are decreed and cannot increase or decrease, Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“When their term comes, neither can they delay it nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment)” [Yoonus 10:49]
The scholars came up with several answers to this issue, the most correct being:
1. That this refers to an increase of blessing during one’s lifetime, being guided to do good deeds and to make use of one’s time in ways that will be of benefit in the Hereafter and to make the most of his time for the sake of Allah.
2. The second suggestion is that it refers to what the angels see and what is in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz, etc.
For the angels see in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz that a person’s lifespan will be sixty years, unless he upholds the ties of kinship, in which case another forty years will be added to his life. Allah knows what will happen to him in that regard.
This is the meaning of the words (interpretation of the meaning): “Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the Mother of the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz).” [Al-Ra’d 13:39]
With regard to what Allah knows and what He has already decreed, nothing can be added to that; such a thing is impossible. With regard to what people see, they see that it is increased. This is what is meant by the above Hadith.
And Allah knows best!