Argument between the Muslim and Jew

A man from among the Muslims and a man from among the Jews had an argument. The Muslim said, “By the One who chose Muhammad (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) above all creation,” and the Jew said, “By the One who chose Musa (alaihi assalam) above all creation.” At that point, the Muslim raised his hands and slapped the Jew. The Jew went to the Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and told him what had take place between him and the Muslim. The Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Do not prefer me over the Prophet Musa (alaihi assalam). For when the people will fall unconscious, I will be the first to regain consciousness and the Prophet Musa (alaihi assalam) will be there, holding on to the Throne. I do not know whether Musa (alaihi assalam) will be one of those who fell unconscious and then wake up before me, or whether he will be one of those whom Allah has exempted (from falling unconscious).”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary:

Allah says: And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will fall dead, except him whom Allâh wills. Then it will blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on (waiting). (Az-Zumar [39:68])

Some of the Scholars said regarding the exception (in the above verse “except him whom Allah wills” and also in today’s hadith), this applies to those who have been admitted to Paradise of the hoor al-‘iyn, for there is no death in Paradise; and it applies to others, but we cannot be certain about who is exempted.

If the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) was not told of everyone who will be exempted by Allah, then we cannot be certain of that. This is like knowing when the Hour will begin or the names of all the Prophets, and other things that we have not been told, and this knowledge cannot be attained except by being told.

This Hadith also shows us the virtues of the Prophet Musa (alaihi assalam). This Hadith also shows us that Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) does not know the unseen because he said regarding Musa (alaihi assalam) “I do not know whether Musa will be one of those who fell unconscious and then wake up before me, or whether he will be one of those whom Allah has exempted (from falling unconscious).”

And Allah knows best!

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