The patience and character of the prophet

Ibn Mas’ud (radi Allahu anhu) reported: After the battle of Hunain the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) favoured some people in the distribution of spoils (for consolation). He gave Al-Aqra’ bin Habis and ‘Uyainah bin Hisn a hundred camels each and showed favour also to some more honorable persons among the Arabs. Someone said: “This division is not based on justice and it was not intended to win the Pleasure of Allah.” I said to myself: “By Allah! I will inform the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) of this.” I went to him and informed him. His face became red and he said, “Who will do justice if Allah and His Messenger do not?” Then he said, “May Allah have mercy on (Prophet) Musa; he was caused more distress than this but he remained patient.” Having heard this I said to myself: “I shall never convey anything of this kind to him in future.”

[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary:

This Hadith leads to the conclusion that the leader of the people or the calipha has a right, if situation demands, to give to the new Muslims and other influential and respectable people of the society more than others for their satisfaction and encouragement.

The man who raised objection on the distribution of booty by the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) was a hypocrite. Devout Muslims could never think that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) could be unjust to anyone.

This incident also goes to prove that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) also felt as much as others did, the things which infuriated or pleased others, because he was a man and not a superhuman being.

And Allah Knows Best!

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