Feeding others who are breaking their fast

The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Whoever feeds the person who is breaking his fast, he will have his reward (for his fasting) without decreasing anything from the reward of the fasting person.”

[Al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Maajah - Classed as Sahih by Sh al-Albaani]

Commentary:

Many ahadith are reported regarding the virtues of providing food forothers to break their fast. Feeding others in general brings agreat reward to the one who does it. Allah (May He be glorified andexalted) states that one of the characteristics of the believers whodeserveParadise is that they feed others. Allah says (interpretationof the meaning):

“And they give food, in spite of their love for it (or for the love ofHim), to the Miskeen (the poor), the orphan, and the captive, (Saying): ‘We feed you seeking Allah’s Countenance only. We wish forno reward, nor thanks from you.

‘Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that willmake the faces look horrible (from extreme dislike to it).’

So Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them Nadhrah(a light of beauty) and joy.

And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, becausethey were patient” [Al-Insaan 76:8 - 12]

The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) informed us in the aboveHadith that whoever gives food to a fasting person to break his fast willhave a reward like his without the fasting person losing any reward.

So during the month of Ramadan (and even during other months) it isvery virtuous and rewarding to feed others who are breaking theirfast. It is also very virtuous and rewarding to feed others ingeneral.

The righteous Salaf (the pious predecessors) were keen to give foodand feed others, because of the reports which encouraged that, as wellas the many acts of worship that stemmed from that, such as love for those whom they fed. So it was a means of them entering Paradise. The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “You will not enter Paradise until you truly believe and you will not truly believe until you love one another.” (Sahih Muslim)

In another narration from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (radi Allahu anhu)that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam):“What is the best thing in Islam?” He said, “Feeding others and givingthe greeting of salaam to those whom you know and those whom you donot know.” (Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn Rajab (may Allah have mercy upon him) said in al-Fath (1/43):

“The Hadith (mentioned above) makes the connection between feedingothers and spreading salaam because this combines good actions in bothword and deed, which is perfect good treatment (ihsaan). Indeed, thisis the best thing that you can do in Islam after the obligatory duties.”

And Allah knows best!

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