There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month…

The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month which Allah has enjoined you to fast, during which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the rebellious devils are chained up. In it there is a night which is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.”

[Sunan al-Nasaa’i - Classed as Sahih by Sh al-Albaani]

Commentary:

In the above Hadith the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) has informed us of the following:

1. “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month” Ramadan is a blessed month which contains many virtues through which a servant may draw closer to his creator throughout this blessed month.

2. “Which Allah has enjoined you to fast” Fasting the month of Ramadan is obligatory upon  all Muslims who are accountable (mukallaf), who are able to fast, they are a resident (i.e. they are not travelling) and they have no impediments to fasting (Please refer to HaD 91 for more info regarding upon who is the fasting of Ramadan obligatory).

3. “During which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the rebellious devils are chained up.” (Please refer to HaD-92 and HaD-93 for more info regarding this part of the Hadith).

4. “In it there is a night which is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.”

“In it” meaning during the month Ramadan,

“There is night”  this night is known as Laylatul Qadar (The Night of Decree), which falls on one of the evenings of the odd days of the last ten days of Ramadan as other ahadith have specified,

“Which is better than a thousand months” Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Laylat ul Qadr (The Night of Decree) is better than a thousand months.” (Al-Qadr, 97: 3)

5. “And whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived”: meaning whoever misses out on worshiping Allah during this blessed night has missed out on a great opportunity and therefore has deprived himself of earning much goodness.

And Allah knows best!

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